Planting in the fall SOMETIMES requires a nurse cover crop. Old time farmers used to cover crop their land during seasons of rest… before petro chemicals and fertilizers. Farmers knew if it was too late in the year to plant warm season grasses, you need to protect and feed land with a cover crop. Better than compost, cover crops build living organic matter. Leaving behind rich underground root biomass. Cereal Rye Grain is one-time use, non-invasive and ecologically benign. Native Grass and Wildflowers - Fall / Winter Seeding - Rules of Thumb: Add cereal rye grain @ rate of 20- 50 lbs / acre with native warm season grasses on level ground. Country folk call this “nurse crop”. Cereal rye nurses the soil and permanent grasses along over the winter. For slopes, ditches or creek banks, add up to 100 lbs / acre to provide quick, cool season vegetation. Use full planting rates or more of the native seeds. Improve erosion control by installing bio-degradable, net-free erosion blankets over the top of your seeding projects. See page 69. Add cereal rye grain @ 25 lbs / with native wildflowers. Caution; do not over apply cereal rye grain. On good soils; cool wet weather can cause cereal rye to overgrow the. Mild wet weather in late winter causes cereal rye to overgrow…shading out native wildflowers. See our online video at https://youtu.be/ZHBNHP7Bp80 for easy tips to make your long-term native plantings a success. These tips work great, but are very time sensitive! Temporary Full Cereal Rye Grain Cover Crop & Erosion Control: Plant Cereal Rye Grain late August thru early March for temporary fast coverage. Produces dense fibrous roots, readily sprouts in cool temperatures. Broadcast seed on surface, lightly till or drag to provide 1/4” - 1/2” soil covering seed. Roll or pack firm for seed to soil contact. Easily sprouts with 1” rain or irrigation. Maintain Height & Growth: Cereal rye may grow rapidly on warm days in late winter. Do not let your nurse crop over-run and shade out broadleaf wildflowers. Look for heavy excessive green grassy growth that may snuff out flowers in late winter/early spring. Cut excess growth low as required to maintain desired heights, but do not cut wildflowers during or after elongation growth stage. If harsh cold or dry winter occurs; or on thin infertile soils, no additional management may be needed. If left un-mown, cereal rye grows just like whole grain winter wheat. Late spring, cereal rye grain produces tall lanky stemmy growth with few leaf blades and extensive fibrous underground roots. Cereal rye finishes its life cycle, dying out in May with 90*F daytime temps. The plant biomass naturally decays. Preparing a Full Cover Crop for Permanent Spring Native Seeding: In late winter / early spring mow or scalp Cereal Rye Grain crop short as possible to suppress growth. Rake and remove excess thatch to compost. Lightly till and plant native seed for small areas. For acreages, do not till or plow. Use No-till drill to plant native seeds directly into remaining rye stubble. Cereal rye root mass provides erosion control. With canopy of cereal rye removed, native seed sprouting can begin with sunlight, warming soil temps and spring rains. Cereal Rye Grain our seed is free of weeds such as Bastard Cabbage (see pg 84) Build Soil Health & Prevent Erosion 8050 Cereal Rye Grain Cover Crop............2,500 sq ft 12 lbs. $026.40 8051 Cereal Rye Grain Cover Crop............5,000 sq ft 25 lbs. $049.75 8052 Cereal Rye Grain Cover Crop...........10,000 sq ft 50 lbs. $069.50 8053 Cereal Rye Grain Cover Crop............One Acre 200 lbs. $210.00 Item # Description SQ. FT. AREA Total Lbs. Total Price Cereal Rye Grain Cover Crop Planting time: September - February Secale cereale 72 Native American Seed • 800 728 4043 Slow Down, Seasonal Changes up Ahead