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Schizachyrium scoparium 
Little Bluestem
Pineywoods



Item #: 2059
Category: Grasses
Habit: Perennial
Height: 2-3 feet
Planting Rates: 

Rangeland
8 lbs per acre

Lawn & Garden
Dpak covers 50 sf
1 lb. per 500 sf

Price:  
Dpak - $10.00
1-9 lbs - $15.95 per lb
10-49 lbs - $15.70 per lb
50+ lbs - $15.45 per lb

SOIL TYPE

SUNLIGHT

Soil Moisture

Sand Loam Clay Caliche  Full  Partial Dappled Shade
 X    X    X    X    X    X    X        dry, medium, moist 

Pick Weight Range:

Qty:
             


for more info see Related Books
  Texas Range Plants
  Pasture and Range Plants
  Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region

Description

Shade-tolerant and grows in sun. Thrives in acidic, well-drained sandy soils common to the Pineywoods. Adapted to annual rainfall of 35 to 60". Comprises the historic understory of mature pine forests and savannah grasslands. Plant this Little Bluestem in the Pineywoods to help restore habitat for many species of breeding birds including red-cockaded woodpeckers, pine warblers and bachman's sparrow. Individual plants vary from red-green to chalky blue.

A foundation species, Little Bluestem is absolutely beautiful in commercial & residential landscapes.

Little Bluestem once dominated our tall and short grass prairies from Canada to Mexico. But almost everywhere that could be plowed has been plowed. Texas, the largest prairie state, has the least acres conserved. Besides a few refuges, current-day sightings still find it growing on thin, infertile, highly erodible soils...surviving harsh conditions with good land stewardship practices. Sadly, in many regions, 'Lil Blu' is almost gone. 

For the Landscape, Little Bluestem can be grown from seed. Being a well-behaved 1 to 4' clump grass makes it ideal for blue-green spring color. Later in the growing season, with no mowing and blessed mid-summer rains ...seeds begin to form. By autumn, rich bronze stems with frost-white, fuzzy, dew glistened seeds sparkling at sunrise helps us to remember why Comanches fought so hard for this land. Howling cold northers eventually blow seeds to the winds...where ground nesting quail, meadowlarks or grasshopper sparrows forage for food. 

For Ag producers, 'Lil Blu' greens up a month earlier than alien coastal bermuda and provides excellent grazing until maturity. Native hay meadows are low-input. 'Lil Blu' does not like petro-fertilizers. Good stewardship includes managed grazing, no late haying or short summer mowings, and a prescribed burn plan. Little Bluestem prairies can last perpetually. 

For Wildlife Valuation, Little Bluestem qualifies as food and habitat. The seeds are nutritious for goldfinch, quail, dove, and many mammals. Excellent ground-nesting cover for prairie birds, mammals and larval food source for butterflies.

Little Bluestem was once so important for forage, the USDA Plant Materials Centers developed several 'improved' selections called cultivars, mostly taken from northern and mid western prairies decades ago. Agronomists targeted selections with highest forage production. After years of refinement and processing of cultivars and certified seeds, many naturally occurring genetic adaptations are intentionally bred out to control uniformity. 

If local adaptability to changing environmental conditions over time is important to you ...consider planting diverse Native, Non-certified seeds. Usually the best adapted seeds are natives harvested reasonably close to the planting site with no supplemental breeding or trait selecting. How close? How ever far a buffalo can run.


 

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